Cover: The Reliability and Validity of General Health Ratings

The Reliability and Validity of General Health Ratings

Published 1976

by John E. Ware


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An abridged summary of a lengthy technical report regarding studies of general health perceptions conducted for the National Center for Health Services Research. Eight scales pertaining to perceptions of Prior Health, Current Health, Health Outlook, Resistance-Susceptibility to Illness, Health Worry/Concern, and Sickness Orientation as well as Rejection of Sick Role and Attitude Toward Going to the Doctor were constructed from 32 items in a standardized survey instrument that can be self-administered. Tests of the reliability, validity, and stability of rating scores are described. It is recommended that the scales be used in studies requiring general health measures, i.e., those tapping both objective and subjective health constructs and negative and positive well-being. Suggestions for future research are offered.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

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