Reviews E. S. Krauss, [Japanese Radicals] [Revisited], University of California Press, 1974; and B. C. Duke, [Japan's] [Militant Teachers], University of Hawaii Press, 1973. Both books focus on manifestations of Japanese antiestablishment spirit. Krauss' book studies the left-wing radical students once they left the campus. He discovered that a substantial portion failed to enter careers in government and big business enterprises for which their training prepared them; they carried over their radical beliefs into lives as academics, researchers, media workers, and small businessmen. Duke's book of the left-wing teachers' movement in Japan is an historical account of the movement's evolution with an attempt to analyze the causes of its militancy. Duke does not see Communist influence as the decisive element in the militant actions of the teachers' organization; rather it is the consequence of the postwar poverty and of the conservative reaction to the progressive American occupation reforms superimposed on the legacy of nationalism and economic depression from prewar Japan. 6 pp.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.