Discusses the changing relationships and increased competition between universities and other R&D performers, including federal in-house laboratories, federally funded R&D centers managed by universities, industrial firms (including federally funded R&D centers managed by industries), and independent research institutes. Changes in the distribution of R&D resources among these categories of research performers are assessed. Trends in university-industry relationships in the past ten years are traced. Issues discussed include: changes in federal support of R&D since 1966, university contract research centers and classified research, project research institutes, competition among research performers, weakening of university-industry relationships, models to encourage university-industry knowledge transfer, and maintaining a strong university role in a pluralistic R&D system.
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