Military manpower planning is a long-term problem subjected to short-term solutions. This paper discusses some problems and opportunities in long-term planning. The main constraints in planning are the size and composition of the manpower pool, civilian labor market conditions, and future behavior of an adversary. The objectives of planning are efficiency, equity and insurance against future calamity. These three distinct and mutually competitive classes of concerns are typically pursued simultaneously and rarely achieved in full. Success is measured and resources allocated in accordance with an implicitly weighted sum of discrepancies between actual and desired outcomes.
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