Discusses the implications of a greater role for the Italian Communist Party (PCI) in Italian politics, and the possible ramifications of such a development for Yugoslavia. The paper describes the present Italian-Yugoslav security nexus, and considers how that nexus would be changed by PCI participation in the Italian government. The author concludes that a greater role for the PCI in the Italian government would be desirable from the Yugoslav point of view. The key issues are the policies an Italian government with PCI participation would follow regarding NATO, and whether the PCI would support the Yugoslavs against the Soviets in a crisis.
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