Reviews current Russian responses to different kinds of threats and provocations by Soviet non-Russians. The author points out that in many cases these threats and provocations are the result of unique Soviet political, ideological and economic conditions. The Russian response to them--new Russian national self-awareness and a new Russian nationalism--is not simply the resurgence of Russian nationalism from centuries past. This paper identifies these stimuli, describes the resulting Russian nationalist themes and their political corollaries, and evaluates the possible impact of Russian nationalism on the Regime's need to mobilize large numbers of Soviet citizens to meet state goals. Also discussed are the potential effects of Russian nationalism on future Soviet multinational stability.
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