Current demographic change in regions of the United States

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Migration has become a powerful influence in determining which areas of the nation grow and which do not. In the metropolitan sector, population is shifting away from mature industrial subregions toward subregions in the South and West. In the nonmetropolitan sector, there has been a strong and pervasive revival in all subregions. In an era of slowed population growth nationally, migration is figuring prominently in both the fortunes of particular regions and the public debate about regional change. Three policy approaches are suggested: (1) Control or redirect migration flows--reducing reasons for out-migration from the Northeast; assisting certain groups (unemployed youth) to relocate in job-surplus areas. (2) Ameliorate the visible consequences of migration--assisting localities in dealing with problems imposed by growth or decline. (3) Federalize the redistribution of resources to complement the pattern of migratory redistribution--transform such national problems as welfare dependency into national responsibilities.

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