Mao Tse-tung's oral report to the Seventh Congress of the CCP: summary notes

by Steven I. Levine

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Mao presented his political report, "On Coalition Government" to the delegates of the Seventh Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) on April 23, 1945, in Yenan. The prepared text of his report was supplemented with comments, called Mao's oral report, and is known to us only from the notes of P. P. Vladimirov, a Soviet observer and TASS correspondent. This paper presents a translation of those notes with an introduction outlining the historical background. Mao wished to convey an image of a responsible and mature CCP which had won the right to a leading role in a new Chinese government by its vigorous prosecution of the war and its broad, popular base. Mao stressed the proletarian nature of the CCP while underlining the need to deepen support among the rural masses. Coalition with the Kuomintang is only a temporary strategy and Mao explains the rationale for not publicly attacking Chiang Kaishek at the time.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

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