Mao presented his political report, "On Coalition Government" to the delegates of the Seventh Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) on April 23, 1945, in Yenan. The prepared text of his report was supplemented with comments, called Mao's oral report, and is known to us only from the notes of P. P. Vladimirov, a Soviet observer and TASS correspondent. This paper presents a translation of those notes with an introduction outlining the historical background. Mao wished to convey an image of a responsible and mature CCP which had won the right to a leading role in a new Chinese government by its vigorous prosecution of the war and its broad, popular base. Mao stressed the proletarian nature of the CCP while underlining the need to deepen support among the rural masses. Coalition with the Kuomintang is only a temporary strategy and Mao explains the rationale for not publicly attacking Chiang Kaishek at the time.
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