Outlines the logic of Soviet policies regarding nuclear nonproliferation and points out where these diverge from the United States. The author describes past practices and new trends in Soviet nuclear export control policies and suggests that the United States could use to its own advantage a lesson from the history of Soviet policies. The central dilemma in nuclear export and nonproliferation policy is basically the same for the United States and the Soviet Union--neither country wishes nonnuclear weapons states to develop reprocessing and enrichment capacities. Three principles for future U.S. dealings with the Soviets about nonproliferation: (1) Understand Soviet sensibilities and comprehend their needs from their own perspective. (2) Realizing that conflicts exist between U.S. and Soviet nuclear export philosophies, it might be worthwhile to tap Soviet thinking where it intersects rather than change it where it diverges. (3) The United States should take measures to reinforce its own credibility since Soviet cynicism about sincerity of U.S. nonproliferation policies is not entirely without cause.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.