R&D style is traditionally charged with much of the responsibility for the success or failure of innovative enterprises. Such styles have differed from place to place and time to time, and remain difficult to categorize or define. Nevertheless, the American military R&D process works surprisingly well today, perhaps partly because Department of Defense policy changes of the past decade have encouraged increased hardware testing, broadened competition, and more realistic cost management. The Soviet Union appears to lack the doctrinal and procedural flexibility that lets American military R&D accommodate to rapid starts and stops, and changes of direction, scope, or goal. In areas where technology is changing rapidly, where new initiatives are wanted, where payoff and risk are large, the American style of military R&D has decided attractions.
Perry, Robert L., American Styles of Military R&D. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 1979. https://www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P6326.html. Also available in print form.
Perry, Robert L., American Styles of Military R&D, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, P-6326, 1979. As of October 07, 2021: https://www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P6326.html