Physics and slavery: the relative cost of calories for slave infants and their mothers

by Mark Myron Hopkins, N. Scott Cardell

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Uses physics to analyze breast-feeding as part of an energy transfer process to demonstrate that the cost per calorie of suckling infants is greater than that of feeding adults. Takes exception to David's and Temin's criticism of [Time on the Cross] (Fogel and Engerman) concerning maintenance costs of slaves.

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