A discussion of political and economic development in Indonesia since its independence in the late 1940s. This paper briefly follows a historical narrative to subsequently focus on recent developments and trends in 1979. It appears the commitment of the Indonesian elites to economic development is irreversible and will be the determining factor in shaping Indonesia's domestic and foreign policies in the coming decade. Another major innovation is Indonesia's emphasis on equity. Through development policies and objectives three major principles should be achieved: 1) a more even distribution of the benefits of development in order to achieve social justice for the entire population; 2) a reasonably high overall growth rate; and 3) healthy and dynamic national stability. Indonesia's role in ASEAN will also prove a significant test of regional and political development in Southeast Asia.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.