A discussion of political and economic development in Indonesia since its independence in the late 1940s. This paper briefly follows a historical narrative to subsequently focus on recent developments and trends in 1979. It appears the commitment of the Indonesian elites to economic development is irreversible and will be the determining factor in shaping Indonesia's domestic and foreign policies in the coming decade. Another major innovation is Indonesia's emphasis on equity. Through development policies and objectives three major principles should be achieved: 1) a more even distribution of the benefits of development in order to achieve social justice for the entire population; 2) a reasonably high overall growth rate; and 3) healthy and dynamic national stability. Indonesia's role in ASEAN will also prove a significant test of regional and political development in Southeast Asia.
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