A discussion of ways to assess the cost and effectiveness of on-the-job training (OJT), which is currently undergoing intensive study by the Air Force. The paper highlights some of the conceptual and analytical difficulties in making such assessments, pointing out some problems that do not arise in analyzing other types of training processes. Although OJT presents special challenges for cost-effectiveness analysis, these challenges are well worth meeting in view of the growing scarcity of skilled people in the military services.
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