Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback3 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

A brief overview of a study in which expenditures in the City of Los Angeles were examined for the period from fiscal year 1973 through fiscal year 1978. The objective of the analysis was to clarify the implications of the fiscal limitation movement by identifying the components of expenditure growth that will have to be controlled in the future. Among the findings were: (1) very little of the growth of expenditures is explained by increased programs and activities (in fact, city-funded direct services to the public appear to have been declining); (2) over 75 percent of the increase in expenditures was due to inflation; and (3) almost half of the remaining increase is attributable to a shift in the mix of employees (a decrease in the number of lower-paid employees who provide direct services to the public, and an increase in the number of middle- or higher-paid administrative and support personnel).

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.