Cover: Son preference in Pakistan: an analysis of intentions versus behavior

Son preference in Pakistan: an analysis of intentions versus behavior

Published 1980

by Dennis N. De Tray

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback20 pages $20.00

A recently published study found that Pakistani couples express an approximately three-to-one preference for sons over daughters. This paper explores the extent to which couples' actual behavior is consistent with this expressed preference, and reviews a number of analytical methods for estimating the effect of sex of children on fertility behavior. The results strongly suggest that Pakistani couples do not translate their stated preferences into behavior. One implication of this finding is that techniques for influencing the sex of future births can be expected to have little effect on population growth rates.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.