Advice-Taking and Knowledge Refinement
An Iterative View of Skill Acquisition
Download eBook for Free
|PDF file||1.4 MB||
Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.
Purchase Print Copy
|Add to Cart||Paperback39 pages||$20.00||$16.00 20% Web Discount|
We consider knowledge acquisition and skill development as an iterative process. In the first phase, an initial capability is achieved by understanding instructions and following advice. Once a person (or machine) tries out its new knowledge, a variety of potential problems and learning opportunities arise. These stimulate refinements to previous knowledge which, in turn, reinitiate the entire cycle. This learning paradigm has led to new work in knowledge representation, operationalization, expectation-driven bug detection, and knowledge refinement techniques. This paper explains how advice is converted into operational behavior, how unexpected or undesirable behavioral outcomes stimulate learning efforts, and how the bugs responsible can be diagnosed and repaired. These phenomena are illustrated with examples of human and machine skill development in a familiar card game. The proposed learning methods provide a basis for a deeper understanding of skilled behavior and its development than previously possible.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.