Focuses on the public debate over the size and growth of Soviet military expenditure and the estimates of these indicators made by the CIA. The subject is surrounded by controversy because of Soviet secrecy, CIA's reluctance to disclose sensitive sources and methods, technical complexities, and the political sensitivity of the results, which have an important casual bearing on U.S. military outlays. In this context, the paper makes a number of judgments on the validity of the CIA estimates and major current concerns.
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