A brief review of developments in Chinese military policy since the fall of 1976. Topics considered include the changes in China's security environment, key issues on China's military modernization agenda, an assessment of various factors tending to limit the prospects for rapid or far-reaching policy changes, and observations on the emergent framework of Chinese defense doctrine. The paper offers some tentative conclusions on the implications of these policy changes for the PRC's relations with both the United States and states throughout East Asia.
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