Since September 1949, the peoples of Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, the five ASEAN countries, and Burma have known little peace or freedom. Substantial proportions of their scarce material resources and human skills were used for military purposes. In particular, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia have been at war for over 40 years. Ways must be found to restore peace for the peoples of these countries. It is unfortunate that Vietnam's actions have impeded efforts toward that goal. The uncalled for invasion of Cambodia by Vietnam in late 1978 has greatly increased tensions in the area. If resources could be spent on economic development rather than for military purposes a long step would be taken toward national development goals. To secure peace in Southeast Asia, Cambodia must be neutralized. The Soviet Union and the United States could experiment with a "code of conduct" for their relations with Third World countries starting with Cambodia, which should be allowed to become nonaligned.