Cover: Labor market characteristics and the labor force participation of individuals

Labor market characteristics and the labor force participation of individuals

Published 1981

by Ross Stolzenberg, Linda Waite

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback39 pages $20.00

Most research on married women's labor force participation relates characteristics of individual women to their probability of labor force participation. Here the authors take a quintessentially sociological perspective and seek to understand how characteristics of geographic areas structure the relationship between properties of individual women and their probabilities of labor force participation. The analysis has two steps. In step one, they fit individual-level probit models of married women's probability of labor force participation. A separate model is fitted in each of 409 areas using 1970 census data, and the relationship between individual characteristics and the labor force participation is found to vary substantially across areas. In step two, they attempt to explain a real variation in the effects of women's children on their labor force participation. Weighted least squares analyses of probit coefficients from the first stage are, in general, very consistent with the findings, and suggest that the approach taken in this paper is likely to be a fruitful one for future studies.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.