Potential threats to U.S. Soviet deterrence: the political dimension
This paper analyzes the stability of U.S.-Soviet deterrence against the background of a changing global environment. It argues that a potential cause of instability is the clash between U.S. and Soviet views on the role of the "unrealized" military potential (in the form of economic power) outside the hands of the two superpowers. Soviet interests are served by the development of a special relationship with the United States in which the latter in effect "polices" its allies to prevent them from challenging Soviet "equality." From the American perspective, however, it grows increasingly difficult to both defend third areas against the Soviet Union while at the same time policing these areas on behalf of the Soviet Union. Hence the American disillusionment with detente. The paper then suggests three possible ways in which the international order might develop so that the conflicting views of the United States and the Soviet Union on the meaning of "equality" do not threaten deterrence.