This paper explores the evolution of the United States' China policy since the Nixon Administration's normalization breakthrough in 1971. It reviews the complex factors that have interacted to shape U.S. policy toward China: (1) the U.S.-Soviet competition; (2) the state of Sino-Soviet relations; (3) China's own foreign policy shifts; and (4) the play of U.S. and Chinese domestic politics. The author notes that the United States has yet to reach a policy consensus on the potential strategic and defense benefits of the relationship with China, or to consolidate a set of stable bilateral ties in the areas of trade and cultural exchanges. He concludes that each country's leaders and domestic politics, and the Soviet military threat, will continue to be major factors affecting the relationship between the two nations.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.