Costs and Compensation Paid in Tort Litigation

Testimony Before the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress

by James S. Kakalik, Nicholas M. Pace


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback13 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

This paper is the text of testimony presented before the subcommittee on Trade, Productivity, and Economic Growth of the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress on July 29, 1986. It summarizes preliminary results of RAND research undertaken to provide empirical evidence on the following issues: (1) the total expenditure for tort litigation in state and federal courts in 1985; (2) the proportion of costs that went to plaintiffs' and defendants' legal fees and other litigation expenses, the value of time spent by both litigants and insurance personnel, and the costs of operating the courts; (3) what proportion of the total was net compensation to plaintiffs; (4) the difference in litigation costs and compensation for torts involving motor vehicles and all other torts; and (5) the rate at which the tort system is growing. The study indicates that plaintiffs with tort lawsuits in state and federal courts of general jurisdiction received approximately half of the $27 to $34 billion spent in 1985. The costs of litigation consumed the other half.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.