This paper, a condensed version of which appeared in the January 4, 1987, edition of the Los Angeles Times, reviews Soviet actions and policy in dealing with the Muslim population of Central Asia, and considers their implications. The author suggests that Gorbachev's efforts to maintain control over the growing Soviet Muslim population by destroying the extensive underground economy, replacing indigenous leaders with Russians, and launching a campaign to teach atheism, indicate a high level of Kremlin concern about the Muslim dilemma.
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