This paper is the text of a speech that was presented as part of the University of Minnesota's Newman Forum Lecture Series, which promotes the discussion of the moral and philosophical aspects of current social issues in the context of Catholic theology. The author discusses St. Augustine's Just War theory. He then reviews post-World War II history, and specifically the ways nuclear weapons and the theory of nuclear weapon employment have influenced both the military conflicts and the political thought of the United States, the Soviet Union, and Europe. Finally, against this background, he considers the Strategic Defense Initiative and the dilemmas surrounding it.
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