Military Spending in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland

by Keith Crane

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback35 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

Western researchers who analyze Warsaw Pact military spending have concentrated on the Soviet Union; the non-Soviet Warsaw Pact (NSWP) has been relatively neglected. Yet the forces funded by the NSWP military budgets would be an essential component in most plausible scenarios for a Warsaw Pact attack on Western Europe. Using East European statistics, this paper aims to remove some of our present ignorance concerning the size and composition of NSWP military expenditures. The author constructs military expenditures estimates for personnel, procurement of military durables, operations and maintenance, and research and development costs. He concludes that the reported budgets of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland probably contain most of their military expenditures, although they omit military research and development expenditures, some personnel expenditures, and some direct subsidies for military producers.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.