Military Spending in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland

by Keith Crane

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Western researchers who analyze Warsaw Pact military spending have concentrated on the Soviet Union; the non-Soviet Warsaw Pact (NSWP) has been relatively neglected. Yet the forces funded by the NSWP military budgets would be an essential component in most plausible scenarios for a Warsaw Pact attack on Western Europe. Using East European statistics, this paper aims to remove some of our present ignorance concerning the size and composition of NSWP military expenditures. The author constructs military expenditures estimates for personnel, procurement of military durables, operations and maintenance, and research and development costs. He concludes that the reported budgets of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland probably contain most of their military expenditures, although they omit military research and development expenditures, some personnel expenditures, and some direct subsidies for military producers.

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