Cover: The determinants of military spending in the non-Soviet Warsaw Pact

The determinants of military spending in the non-Soviet Warsaw Pact

Published 1987

by Keith Crane

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback22 pages $20.00

Aside from the reports of a few emigres, very little information is available on how military spending decisions are made in the non-Soviet Warsaw Pact (NSWP). This paper presents several hypotheses concerning the determinants of military spending in the NSWP. The author then develops a model of military spending decisionmaking to assess the relative validity of these hypotheses in explaining observed patterns of military spending. The analysis indicates that the primary determinant of military spending levels in the non-Soviet Warsaw Pact is utilized national income (UNI). Although increases in UNI appear to lead to increases in military spending, the percentage of military spending in UNI has fallen as these countries have become richer, with the exception of the German Democratic Republic.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.