This paper is the text of a presentation at the Tutzing Workshop on the Political, Strategic-Operational, Economic and Psychological Aspects of the Program to Investigate Possibilities for Strategic Defense, held at Munich, West Germany, on December 16, 1986. It discusses Soviet doctrinal traditions bearing on ballistic missile defense (BMD), and Soviet BMD programs. It describes Soviet BMD efforts both past and present, and examines the bases for the development and possible deployment of future systems. Finally, it considers Soviet concerns and possible Soviet responses to the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative.
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