This paper, an abbreviated version of which appeared in International Defense Review, October 1988, reviews a provocative article on the Soviet military concept of "non-offensive defense" that appeared in the June 1988 issue of the Soviet journal World Economy and International Relations. The article summarizes the four "variants" of a defense ranging from one that is offensive to a strictly "non-offensive" defense. Although the Soviet authors' framework helps to clarify the concept of non-offensive defense, it says little about how the Soviet military specialists now view the roles of surprise and preemption in a hypothetical NATO-Warsaw Pact conflict.
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