Competing security doctrines and a Nordic nuclear-free zone

by Richard Bitzinger

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This paper explores many problems common to the creation of nuclear-free zones (NFZs) throughout the world, using a Nordic NFZ as a case study. It discusses the contending issues surrounding the establishment of such a zone, as well as the security implications of a Nordic NFZ. In particular, the author finds that although a Nordic NFZ may suit the security needs of the Nordic neutral states, alliance commitments and NATO defense doctrine make Danish and Norwegian entry into such a zone currently impossible. In fact, any NFZ that has a real impact on Western nuclear defense strategy is likely to be unacceptable to NATO and therefore divisive to Western security and defense policy.

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