This paper was prepared to provide background material for the National Research Council's Committee on Child Care. It focuses on the effects for women of the availability and affordability of child care, concentrating especially on effects on women's employment and earnings. The paper discusses the implications of raising the wages of child care workers, of the reduced availability of free care by family members, and of the wages of women workers. It considers the role of employers as providers of child care subsidies, perhaps as an employee benefit, and the subsidization of child care costs, especially through the federal tax code.
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