This paper was prepared to provide background material for the National Research Council's Committee on Child Care. It focuses on the effects for women of the availability and affordability of child care, concentrating especially on effects on women's employment and earnings. The paper discusses the implications of raising the wages of child care workers, of the reduced availability of free care by family members, and of the wages of women workers. It considers the role of employers as providers of child care subsidies, perhaps as an employee benefit, and the subsidization of child care costs, especially through the federal tax code.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
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