In times of crisis between the United States and the Soviet Union, certain actions may exhibit non-aggressive or draw-down intentions, thereby lessening the potential for escalating conflict. This paper evaluates a variety of these confidence-building measures (CBMs) to determine their political and military costs. Four of the measures seem viable: (1) the return of civilian leaders from emergency locations; (2) the termination of interference with communications and national technical means of verification; (3) the cessation of civil defense measures; and (4) the phased return of bombers to main operating bases.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.