Mongolia faces glasnost and perestroika

by Paul B. Henze

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This paper presents impressions and information gathered during a visit to the Mongolian People's Republic, June 15-24, 1989, a trip that included five days in Ulan Bator, the capital, and four in the countryside and South Gobi. The author discusses the Soviet-Mongolian relationship, Ulan Bator today, Mongolian history and culture (including religion), and the economy. In his view, Mongolia is following the Soviet line on glasnost and perestroika. The Mongols have increased trade with China, Japan, and India and have talked about playing a role in Asian and Pacific Rim affairs. The withdrawal of Soviet forces will result in a loss of income and employment, and the Soviets are pressing the Mongols to begin paying their own way. Change is still coming from the top.

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