The September 1989 Central Committee nationalities plenum: a victory for Ryzhkov and Vorotnikov?

by Theodore W. Karasik

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This paper describes Politburo factionalization as an indication of Gorbachev's vulnerability. Reforms of the Party apparatus were opposed by two who argued for increasing the Party apparatus despite Gorbachev's call to reduce it. In addition, recent personnel changes and a polarization of forces in the Politburo depict a weakened Gorbachev and a possible retreat from reform.

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