Recent progress in European arms reduction is the result of a unique combination of developments not likely to occur in other regions, including Korea. While the potential for meaningful arms control may not seem very promising in the case of Northeast Asia, future developments may create possibilities for real reductions. This paper reviews the traditional objectives and means of arms control and applies them to the case of Korea. It also reviews selected propositions that have governed arms control efforts and examines pertinent similarities and differences between Northeast Asia and Europe and how they pertain to present options. The author also reviews some prerequisites for successful arms control, cites some implications of productive experience elsewhere, and discusses certain special problems of Northeast Asian arms control.