Science and technology in Eastern Europe after the flood: rejoining the world

by Steven W. Popper

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The sweeping political changes that occurred in Europe in 1989 will have a profound effect on the scientific and technology systems of the Eastern European countries. This paper discusses the problems facing these systems, the changes that are necessary in their fundamental orientation as well as in their institutional structures if they are to survive and contribute to the international community, and the ways in which they might best succeed in making the critical transition from a hierarchical structure to a market-based economy. External funding is crucially important, arguing the need for greater research cooperation, joint ventures with foreign partners, and participation in international consortia. In addition to financial assistance, Western involvement could contribute much by providing direction in terms of where the priorities should be in research-and-development activities, which assets should be developed, how to orient applied research establishments toward the market, and how to fund basic research.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

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