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Throughout Scandinavia, one hears talk of political malaise and lack of trust in the government. Finland faces gloomy economic prospects. The Swedes are dissatisfied with the Social Democratic government's tax, industrial, and social policies. Looking eastward, most Scandinavians no longer consider the Soviet Union a military threat and are sympathetic to but deeply concerned about the crisis in that country. Many believe that the Soviet Union should be integrated into Europe and envisage sharply focused, modest assistance programs. Looking westward, Sweden has applied for membership in the Economic Community (EC); the Finns and Norwegians see the economic advantages of joining, but remain ambivalent. Finnish policymakers hesitate to relinquish unilateral control over relations with the Soviet Union that joining the EC would involve. Scandinavians assume consensual conflict-resolution patterns in Europe but count on NATO and the presence of U.S. forces to provide European security. Finally, they continue to prize their relationship with the United States.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

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