This Paper provides an overview of the organization and conduct of the U.S. Army Central Identification Laboratory, Hawaii (CILHI). The focus of this Paper is on the recovery and identification of human remains from North Korea. The authors conclude that North Korea's actions have significantly diminished the probability that remains repatriated in the 1990s will ever be associated with the identity of individual U.S. servicemen lost during the Korean War. They also conclude that, of the remains thus far returned by the North Koreans, some if not all might be the remains of nationalities other than American. The authors conclude that the identification prospects will not improve unless there are dramatic changes in U.S. policy.