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Scientific research is expanding into new modes of research characterised by openness. Due to advances in digital technology, the possibilities for research to become more inclusive of amateur scientists is augmented, with new opportunities for amateurs to contribute to the various stages of the research process — a phenomenon known as 'citizen science.' Citizen science can potentially yield great societal impact, with emergent findings pointing to increased civic engagement and greater appreciation for science. This publication explores the definitions, opportunities and challenges for citizen science.

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This research was conducted by RAND Europe.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation perspective series. RAND perspectives present informed perspective on a timely topic that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND perspectives undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.

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