A report on nonmilitary defense that considers such problems as population shelters, long-term fallout, economic recuperation, possible nonmilitary defense programs, and interactions with other aspects of national defense. The study was initiated in the belief that nonmilitary defense measures, if they could be made effective in protecting the civilian population, economy, and institutions of the United States, might make two significant contributions to the national defense. First, they might alleviate the catastrophe of a nuclear attack and, if military victory were attained, they might provide a reasonable chance that the United States as a nation could survive. Second, they might increase U.S. freedom of action in conducting peacetime foreign policy and in implementing a broad deterrence strategy.
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