A quantitative study of the heat budget of the Arctic and its relationship to the atmospheric circulation of the hemisphere. It combines the available data to produce a description of the input, transformation, and output of thermal energy in the Arctic regions and provides new insights into the mechanism of the Arctic climate. The report points out the specific measurements most urgently needed for future Arctic investigation, if we are not only to explain some of the climatic variations of the past but also to determine how the climate of the future might be foreseen and influenced.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.