Improving Public Safety in Urban Apartment Dwellings

Security Concepts and Experimental Design for New York City Housing Authority Buildings

by W. B. Fairley, M. I. Liechenstein, A. F. Westin


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 5.4 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback155 pages $30.00 $24.00 20% Web Discount

Techniques for improving security in New York City Housing Authority Buildings. The crime patterns in the housing projects are analyzed to determine the major threats against public safety. A theoretical analysis is undertaken to develop criteria for judging the effectiveness of arbitrary security systems. This served as a basis for grading the effectiveness of fifteen security alternatives that were synthesized from knowledge gained in criminality, security technology, and characteristics of the protected environment. These performance scores were then coupled with cost estimates to ascertain the most cost-effective candidates for implementation. To guide the evaluation of the alternatives, a number of considerations important to a sound statistical design of actual tests in projects are discussed and recommendations regarding experimental and control site selections are made. Special consideration is also given to the legal and civil liberties aspects of employing surveillance technology and to the role of interdisciplinary planning of new housing configured into a context which deprives the criminal offender of his present advantages.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.