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Featured in this issue is a report by Barry Boehm of RAND, who was invited by the USSR Academy of Sciences in October to tour prominent Soviet computing centers. His detailed account provides an overview of computing problems and successes in the Soviet Union. Also of special interest is an organizational chart of the Soviet government that identifies all-union ministries and ministries of the union republics, plus important agencies. A survey article on the automation of Soviet railways reveals a number of different areas of railroad operation. In an article discussing automation implementation on a broad scale, an eminent Ukrainian economist identifies specific ways of closing the Soviet R&D gap. A recent International Symposium on Computer-Based Automation of Scientific Research is the basis for an article listing several projects in Novosibirsk intended to facilitate Soviet research — in particular, a light-pen graphics system and the AIST multiple-user time-sharing system.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.