A summary of the nature and aims of one aspect of Rand's work on education problems--studies of elementary and secondary education--and a detailed description of three representative Rand analyses in this field. The results of a study of the effectiveness of schooling are described, as are two studies of educational innovations: educational vouchers and performance contracting. Rand is playing a major role in evaluating how well these educational reforms will be able to improve educational effectiveness and enhance parents' and children's satisfaction with their schools. The work should make useful contributions to the methodology of evaluation of social experiments. The issues to be resolved and the hypotheses to be tested are matters of urgent social concern. The analytical techniques developed at Rand and elsewhere in the past 25 years will be of value. But it is also the authors' aim to add to the body of knowledge in this field. 40 pp.