Explores the relationship between the number of children that couples have and some variables describing the husband's background. When a man had an affluent or educated father and came from a small family or from a nonfarm background, he and his wife tend to have fewer children than other couples. This is not just because these couples were themselves more affluent or educated; even when the "current" variables are introduced into the analysis, a statistically significant effect of the background variables persists. The effect of the background variables may be due to taste differences or to differences in prices and opportunities not adequately measured by the "current" variables.
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