Full Document

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 8.6 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback142 pages $30.00 $24.00 20% Web Discount

This project sought to evaluate strategies for controlling oxidant (smog) in Los Angeles and to investigate their sensitivity to assumptions. Promising strategies for fixed sources, vehicle retrofit and inspection/maintenance, and transportation management were identified and compared. (Transportation management strategies include bus-system improvements, carpooling incentives, and gasoline surtaxes or rationing.) Superior combinations were formed and then evaluated in terms of their various environmental, transportational, economic, and energy impacts on Los Angeles. This process was repeated with five alternative levels for the oxidant standard (including National-Primary, California standard and health-advisory-alert levels) in combination with four alternative sets of technical assumptions (emission factors, etc.), thereby showing how superior strategy composition and the resulting impacts vary with these factors. The costs of not meeting present standards are discussed, and certain EPA-promulgated technical assumptions are recommended for reevaluation. The project's comprehensive analysis methodology (also applicable to energy-conservation and transportation-improvement problems) is described.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.