The Relationship Between Science and the Military in the Soviet Union.

by Simon Kassel

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Analyzes open Soviet basic and applied science research for its possible contribution to development of military technology. As the national planner and evaluator of research and manager of the science and technology information service, the State Committee for Science and Technology cannot be entirely divorced from the early stages of military RDT&E. The research projects of the Academy of Sciences, USSR, include many whose exact American equivalents are either performed or funded by DOD agencies. Ten specific examples are analyzed. There seems no need for such research to be duplicated in secret military facilities, as some believe. Censorship cannot be the only reason why basic research articles so far exceed engineering development reports in number and sophistication, since this is equally true of the technology of automobiles, TV, and cameras. The Soviets are frankly anxious to publish scientific research to maintain international prestige and give their major researchers entree into meetings and conferences where useful information can be gained. 60 pp. Ref.

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