A continuation of the study of Soviet R&D in high-current, high-energy, charged-particle beams. Analyzes work of four major Soviet research groups engaged in theoretical and experimental study of relativistic electron beams, especially in relation to the collective acceleration mechanism, and application of such beams to (1) plasma and pellet heating, (2) generation of intense microwave oscillations, flash X-rays, and gamma-rays, (3) production of pulsed high pressure in solids, (4) ionospheric sounding, and (5) long-distance transmission of particle beams. A large portion of these studies is directed toward solving the problem of controlled thermonuclear reactions by means of plasma containment and inertial heating schemes based on use of high-current relativistic beams. Considerable Soviet effort has also been devoted to exploring means to preserve integrity of beams propagating through neutral gas and plasma, as well as generating microwave emission and laser pumping by electron beams. (See also R-1053, R-1311, R-1333.)
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