Energy Use and Conservation in the Residential Sector

A Regional Analysis

by Stephen H. Dole


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Estimates consumption of all forms of energy in the residential sector, broken down by the major end uses, for each of the nine census regions of the United States for the base year 1970. A forecasting methodology based in part on econometrics then makes projections to the year 2000. Various conservation measures are then considered for application in future years and, finally, alternative sets of policy actions are postulated. The region-by-region effects of these policy actions in producing reductions in energy consumption are estimated. The objective of this study has been to evaluate various residential energy conservation policies for their effectiveness in producing energy savings. A regional approach was adopted to account for the possibility of significant differences among climatic regions.

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