Seeks to determine the impact on families of government measures designed to conserve gasoline. These measures include increasing the price of gasoline, increasing the purchase price or the operating costs of automobiles, and limiting the availability of gasoline or certain kinds of cars. The effects of the measures on households in different income groups are assessed and households' possible response to the measures--their attempts to avoid or reduce the impact of increased costs--are examined. Major conclusions: although the wealthier half of the families consume almost three-quarters of the gasoline, all of the measures would impact most heavily on poorer families with cars; and of the many options available for reducing the impacts of the taxes, purchase of new fuel-efficient cars is the most effective. 67 pp. Bibliog.
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